Egg donation helps couples who want to have children but have difficulty conceiving. Usually the woman’s ovaries do not produce enough healthy eggs to become pregnant egg donor Phoenix, thus she uses donated eggs. Healthy young women in their 20s donate their ovum to help a couple conceive through IVF or surrogacy.
What are the Qualifications for Egg Donors?
Program standards vary, but most criteria have been set for legal reasons and to increase the chance of pregnancy. Egg donors must be between age 21 and 35, although most programs don’t accept women over 30 years of age. You must be 21 to legally enter into a contract and younger than 35 because older women tend to respond poorer to fertility drugs than young women in their 20s. To qualify, young women must be healthy, have no STDs or diseases, be a non-smoker, have few or no genetic diseases in family, have no psychological problems, have no recent tattoos or body piercings, must be pursuing or already obtained a college degree, and must be physically and emotionally capable of donation. Many programs or ads also look for certain ethnicity backgrounds, high IQ or standardized test scores, athletic talents, musical talents, and for “attractive” looking donors.
Most criteria is set to ensure that both the young woman and her eggs are healthy, which will result in a healthy pregnancy and baby. Couples tend to look for young women that look similar to them or have similar characteristics, which helps the couple feel that the child will look and act similar to them, as if it was genetically theirs.
Many programs offer more monetary compensation if you have already given birth or successfully donated eggs previously. This is the case because these donors are more likely to follow egg donation guidelines, are already proven to be fertile, and their positive feelings about donation have already been made. Some program also offer more compensation for certain ethnicities, beauty, high IQ, and special talents.
What Does the Egg Donation Process Involve?
To apply for an egg donation program, you must fill out a long questionnaire (average 30 pages) which asks for general information about yourself and extensive details about you and your family’s medical history. You will also be asked for photos of yourself, usually from birth until the present. Your application will then be reviewed. If you are deemed acceptable, you will be accepted into the egg donation program. Some programs at this point post you on their egg donation database until you are selected by a couple. Other programs complete your psychological, medical, social disease testing, background check at this point before qualifying you as fit to donate.
Next, you must wait to be chosen by a couple. This can take anywhere from a few weeks to over a year. Each couple is looking for different criteria so you must wait until you match someone’s criteria. Repeat donors sometimes are chosen faster than first-time donors.
After being selected, you will enter into a legal contract with the couple. Depending on the center you are working with and the couple’s preferences, your contact with the couple may differ. Most centers keep anonymity between parents and donors, although some couples or donors prefer to meet.
After the legal contract is signed, medications will begin. Typical medications taken by an egg donor are Lupron, follicle stimulating hormones, and human chorionic gonadotropin. Most medications must be injected at home by yourself. Injections last about 3-4 weeks of the process. Your clinic will inform you of what medications you will be taking and instruct you on how to inject yourself with the medications.
Finally, after about 2-4 months the day and the exact time will be set for egg retrieval. You will be required to travel to the IVF Center you work with (if you live far away travel expenses may be covered) for this procedure. You will be sedated and a vaginal ultrasound probe with a needle guide will enter your vagina. This needle will enter the ovaries and take out the ready eggs. This procedure takes about 30 minutes to an hour. You must rest for about 1-3 hours after the retrieval, at which point someone can drive you home. It’s recommended that you don’t fly home until the next day. After the procedure, you may feel cramping or have light bleeding for a day or more. You should feel normal within a day or two. Within a few weeks, you should start menstruation and your body will return to normal.